In a move potentially signaling a shift in China’s data policies, Shanghai plans to accelerate approvals for foreign firms wanting to transfer their local data offshore. This exclusive news, reported by Reuters, has sparked both excitement and questions about its implications.
Two sources have revealed that the Shanghai government has engaged in discussions regarding the fast-track approval initiative with representatives from various foreign companies, such as western banks and asset managers, who are operating in the bustling commercial hub.
China’s intention to attract foreign investors is evident as it prepares for a strategic relocation. This decision is made amidst the challenges faced by the world’s second-largest economy, including a slow recovery from the pandemic, a decline in the real estate sector, and increasing market instability.
In response to Beijing’s tightened control over data generated within its borders for national security reasons, foreign financial institutions have been actively advocating for the cross-border sharing of information with Chinese authorities.
The regulations introduced in 2022 necessitate that any offshore transfer of data deemed “significant” in relation to domestic operations must undergo security evaluations conducted by the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC).
These regulations have resulted in uncertain postponements in data transfers, leading to a state of bewilderment and apprehension among international companies.
According to the two sources, it is probable that Shanghai will permit foreign firms to transfer data offshore by utilizing its extensive free trade zones. These zones empower the local government to provide tax benefits and other incentives to global companies operating within them.
The Shanghai government has devised a plan, the specifics of which have not been previously disclosed. This plan will operate independently from the CAC’s cross-border data transfer approval system, which will still be relevant for foreign companies in other parts of the country, according to the sources. It is anticipated that the Shanghai government’s initiative will be put into action within this year, as stated by one of the sources. Due to the sensitive nature of the subject, all sources chose to remain anonymous.
The Shanghai city government announced on Tuesday that it intends to allow financial institutions to transfer operational data abroad while adhering to national data transfer security protocols. However, the statement did not include any specific information regarding this plan.
By simplifying data transfer, Shanghai could attract more investment and boost its competitiveness as a global data hub. This aligns with China’s economic ambitions. Faster data flow raises security questions. Will safeguards be sufficient to protect sensitive information? The government seems to believe the economic benefits outweigh the risks, at least for this pilot. It’s unclear how far-reaching this initiative will be. Will it stay localized or become a nationwide policy shift? Only time, and the program’s success, will tell.
The initial source stated that during the consultation process in the past few weeks, the Shanghai government informed foreign companies about their efforts to address certain practical challenges faced by local branches of global firms. Additionally, the CAC announced in September that it was contemplating exempting data export security assessments for specific activities like international trade, extending beyond Shanghai.